Domingo, 16 de Dezembro de 2012

Fate and Freedom: Portugal and the European Financial Crisis

Paulo Gorjão, "Fate and Freedom: Portugal and the European Financial Crisis", in Theodore Couloumbis, Andrea Dessì, Thanos Dokos, Paulo Gorjão, Ettore Greco, Dimitris Katsikas, Charles Powell, and Dimitris A. Sotiropoulos, Southern Europe in Trouble: Domestic and Foreign Policy Challenges of the Financial Crisis (GMF/IAI, Mediterranean Paper Series 2012), pp. 41-47.

publicado por IPRIS às 17:44
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Quinta-feira, 12 de Janeiro de 2012

IPRIS Viewpoints 83

Pedro Seabra, "Peru and the search for gateways into the EU" (IPRIS Viewpoints, No. 83, January 2012).

 

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publicado por IPRIS às 12:49
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Terça-feira, 21 de Dezembro de 2010

IPRIS Maghreb Review 6

Table of Contents:
Kevin Köhler, "All the King's men: The emergence of the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) in Morocco"
Axel Goldau, "Western Sahara -- the last African Colony: An endless story"
Hanna Diederich, "The Spanish enclave Melilla and international migration"
Julie Pruzan-Jørgensen, "New female voices within the Islamist movement in Morocco"
Timeline of Events

 

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publicado por IPRIS às 18:51
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Sexta-feira, 15 de Outubro de 2010

IPRIS Maghreb Review 5

Table of Contents:
Eva Wegner and Miquel Pellicer, "Prospects for a PJD – USFP alliance in Morocco"
Hannes Bahrenburg and Thomas Richter, "The show must go on: Questions of legitimacy give way to more pressing issues in Mauritania"
Francesco Tamburini, "Italy and the Maghreb: So far and yet so close"
Isaías Barreñada, "Spain and Morocco: Good partners and badly matched neighbors"
Timeline of Events
Reading List

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publicado por IPRIS às 17:47
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Terça-feira, 7 de Setembro de 2010

IPRIS Viewpoints 18

ETA cease-fire: Handle with caution

By Diogo Noivo

The organization is going through its weakest moment in decades of terrorism, and negotiations are a natural step to take, as it allows the terrorist group to save face under the illusion that it negotiates because it wants and not because it needs to.

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publicado por IPRIS às 17:50
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Sexta-feira, 30 de Julho de 2010

ETA’s decline: Big political opportunities ahead

By Diogo Noivo

 

July 30th marks a year without Basque terrorist attacks, a clear sign of ETA's decline. However, one cannot say that this day marks a year without fatalities: Jean-Serge Nerin, a French police officer was killed in March 16th during a shootout.

ETA's decline started many years ago. In a nutshell, it began during José María Aznar's second term in office (2000-2004), then had an interlude for the most part of José Luis Zapatero's first term (2004-2008) and finally regained its impetus during Prime Minister Zapatero's second and current government.

ETA has never been as debilitated as it is at this stage. The Basque terrorist organization is lead by young militants with a weak ideological preparation and a scarce (if any) paramilitary training. Furthermore, apart from a committed and mounting police pressure within Spain, ETA now also has to face France – President Nicolas Sarkozy made the fight against ETA a French national goal. Among others, the aforementioned facts are behind the chain of high-profile arrests ETA has suffered over the last months. ETA is facing serious problems in planning, logistics, recruitment and financing.

ETA is in a corner, which constitutes very good news for the Spanish government not only because of the lower probability of terrorist attacks, but mainly due to the political opportunities it presents. ETA's debility gives the government the upper hand in a negotiation scenario. In fact, there are already rumors of a new cease-fire to be offered by the Basque terrorists which, given the circumstances, would not be surprising. The real question is to know what the cease of hostilities will be used for this time. In the past, Zapatero ended up serving ETA's rearmament and propagandistic purposes. Now, he has the necessary conditions to take full control of the process but, in order to successfully accomplish it, police forces and the courts cannot loosen their grip. Peace talks cannot compromise law abidance.

As far as negotiations with ETA are concerned, Zapatero's record is far from brilliant. Nonetheless, one must recognize that the current strategy is correct and working. Let's just hope that the Spanish Prime Minister has learned from his past mistakes...

 

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publicado por IPRIS às 00:19
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Quinta-feira, 29 de Julho de 2010

Catalonia: A political bullfight, as usual

By Diogo Noivo

 

The parliament of Catalonia approved a motion which bans bullfights. This decision may be interpreted – especially animal rights advocates – as a victory since it was achieved in the country seen as the motherland of bullfights.

However, the decision has little to do with animal rights, and with regard to Spain as the world center of bullfights, the ban is far from being a serious achievement. First, Catalonia does not have much tradition in what comes to bullfights. Second, nationalist Catalans have the habit of doing politics through shock and provocation – not so long ago, pictures of the Spanish Royal Family were burnt in the middle of the street – and this is what the ban really stands for.

After the enormous display of national unity that followed the World Cup – so incredibly significant that Spanish flags were waved and people sang “I am Spanish” in Basque public squares – Catalonia’s nationalists needed to find a controversial cause, able to generate commotion and stir up nationalist feelings throughout Spain. Banning bullfights fulfills those requirements.

Regardless of weather they enjoy bullfights the majority of Spanish citizens perceive it as part of their national identity, and not just as a symbol of regions such as Madrid or Andalucía. In fact, even some prominent Catalans opposed the ban. Therefore, by banning bullfights in Catalonia, nationalist Catalans are serving a two-folded purpose: they are provoking the Spanish society; and they are also symbolically demonstrating their wish to become independent from Spain.

 

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publicado por IPRIS às 12:58
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Segunda-feira, 12 de Julho de 2010

Catalonia ‘wins’ the world cup

By Vasco Martins

 

10 June 2010. Approximately 1 million people take the streets of Barcelona calling for greater autonomy for Catalonia. The next day, Spain wins the world cup. How can these two very different but related events be connected?

Football instils national unity, familiarises people with the country’s symbols and gives a sense of belonging, of national glory and pride. Those who advocated Catalan autonomy on the 10th of June did not stop from celebrating the Spanish victory on the 11th, whilst failing to realize the contradiction in such action.

Football is a demonstration of patriotism, civic nationalism, internal union and belief in one’s country. National teams always adopt national symbols. When the Spanish took their flags, hymns, songs and t-shirts to celebrate in Barcelona, they didn’t find chants of protest but people holding on to the very same symbols in support for the national team.

The timing of this world cup victory was crucially important to counter the voices of autonomy in Barcelona. The media will not be paying attention to further developments, as all eyes will be focused on the national team. Moreover, the people of Catalonia will not feel the momentum of having 1 million people protesting in the streets of Barcelona, but instead the heat of winning the world cup, of being part of the country who won the epic tournament.

For now, the Spanish national team managed to roll back the media’s attention and deny the political profits of having 1 million people protesting to the Catalan leadership.

publicado por IPRIS às 15:27
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